Japanese Terminology

In a Aikido training session, Japanese terms are used to describe the warm-up exercises, Ukemi practice and Aikido techniques. These are the common Japanses terms that are used in a trainig session.

Counting
IchiOne
NiTwo
SanThree
ShiFour
GoFive
RokkuSix
ShichiSeven
HachiEight
KuNine
JyuTen
Jyu-IchiEleven
Jyu-NiTwelve and so on
Ni-JyuTwenty
Ni-Jyu-IchiTwenty one
Ni-Jyu-NiTwenty two and so on
HyakuOne Hundred
In the Dojo
DojoTraining Hall or Place of the Way
AikidokaPerson who practises Aikido
ToriPerson doing the technique
UkePerson being thrown
UkemiBreak falls
Gi Training uniform
ObiBelt worn over the Gi
DanDegree ranking for Black Belt
KyuRanking for belts below black belt
SenseiTeacher
SempaiSenior Student
KohaiJunior Student
ReiBow
Ritsu-reiStanding Bow
Sensei-ni-reiBow to the teacher
SeizaSitting Properly
KiritsuStand to attention
Domo Arigatou GozaimasuPolite way of saying “thank you very much”.
Colours
AkaRed
ShiroWhite
Levels
JodanHigh
ChudanMiddle
GedanLow
Body
MigiRight
HidariLeft
HijiElbow
KoteWrist
TekubiWrist
KansetsuJoints
KoshiHips or lower back
HaraA point in the lower abdomen
Aikido Weapons
BokkenWooden sword
TantoKnife
JoShort staff about 4″ long
YariSpear
Attacks
AtemiStrike
ShomenFront
Shomen-ateFront strike (usually to the head)
Shomen-TsukiFront punch
UchiHand strike
Shomen-UchiStrike to top of the head
Yokomen-uchiSide strike to the Uke’s temple
OtoshiDrop
Grasps
DoriHold or Grasp
Katate-DoriOne hand held
Morote DoriOne hand held by two hands
Ryote-DoriBoth hands held
Eri DoriCollar held
Stance / Postures
Ai-gamaeMatching stances
Gyaku-gamaeOpposite stances
Hidari-gamaeLeft stance with left foot forward.
Migi-gamaeRight stance with right foot forward
Elements of a technique
Tai-sabakiAvoidance
Ma-aiCorrect distance
KuzushiBalance break
WazaTechnique
IrimiEntering principle
TenkanAbsorption principle
Exercises
UnsokuFoot movements / avoidance
Tandoku-undoFoot and hand movements
Shichihon-no-kuzushi7 Balance breaking techniques
Kokyu-DosaBreathing Exercise
Techniques
Atemi-wazaStriking techniques
Tekubi wazaWrist techniques
Uki-wazaFloating or timing techniques
Kansetsu-wazaJoint techniques
Hiji wazaElbow techniques
Suwari-wazaTechniques where both Tori and Uke are in seiza.
Hanza Handachi WazaTechniques with Tori in seiza and Uke is standing
Tachi-wazaTechniques where both Tori and Uke are standing
Ju-nana-hon waza / Randori-no-Kata
17 basic techniques of Tomiki Aikido
Section A – Atemi-waza 1. Shomen-ate
2. Ai-gamae-ate
3. Gyaku-gamae-ate
4. Gedan-ate
5. Ushiro-ate
Section B – Hiji waza 6. Oshi-taoshi
7. Ude-gaeshi
8. Hiki-taoshi
9. Ude-garame
10. Waki-gatame
Section C – Tekubi waza 11. Kote-hineri
12. Kote-gaeshi
13. Tenkai-kote-hineri
14. Shiho-nage
Section D – Uki-waza 15. Mae-otoshi
16. Sumi-otoshi
17. Hiki-otoshi
Randori-no-kata-no-ura-waza – Counters to 10 of the basic techniques
1. Shomen-ate – Waki-gatame
2. Ai-gamae-ate – Kote-mawashi
3. Gyaku-gamae-ate – Gedan-ate
4. Gedan-ate – Ai-gamae-ate
5. Ushiro-ate – Tenkai-kote-hineriv
6. Oshi-taoshi – Kote-mawashi
7. Hiki-taoshi – Tenkai-kote-hineri
8. Kote-gaeshi – Kote-gaeshi
9. Tenkai-kote-hineri – Waki-gatame
10. Shiho-nage – Shiho-nage
Koryu-no-kata – Traditional kata
Koryu-dai-Ichi24 technique kata.

Traditional classical techniques with large flowing circular movements.

Koryu-dai-Ni16 technique kata.

Traditional classical techniques with tight circular actions and close quarter control.

Koryu-dai-San“Fighting” or “self defence” kata, include the use of Tanto, Bokken and Jo/Yari.

50 technique kata.

  • Section A : Suwari-waza – 4 techniques
  • Section A : Hanza Handachi Waza – 4 techniques
  • Section B : Tachi Waza – 8 techniques
  • Section C : Tanto Dori – 8 techniques
  • Section D : Tachi Dori – 5 techniques from Bokken
  • Section E : Jo Dori – 9 techniques
  • Section F : Tachi tai Tachi (Bokken) – 12 techniques
Koryu-dai-Yon25 technique kata.

Techniques with large sweeping movements, clearly maintaining centre.

Koryu-dai-Go23 technique kata.

Techniques are similar to some which are be found in the Koryu-dai-Ichi, Koryu-dai-Ni and Koryu-dai-Yon.

Koryu-dai-Roku39 technique kata.

Kata which is considered to be the most complicated and difficult Koryu-no-Kata. Includes weapons.

Goshin-ho-no-Kata57 technique kata.

Techniques that ilustrates that the principles of Randori-no-Kata can be applied to various attacks

Free practice
KakarigeikoFirst level without resistance by Uke.
HikitategeikoSecond level utilizes both combinations and counters
Tanto Randori / Toshu RandoriGreater range of combination and counters
ShiaiFull competition randori.